What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Much of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. Those struggling with this disease don’t produce enough insulin to effectively break down glucose and help it reach their cells.
There are 2 types of diabetes, but regardless of the type, these diseases result from excessive sugar in the blood. Type 1 usually develops at a young age (though it can develop at any age) and occurs when the pancreas produces little to no insulin. Type 2 can also develop at any age, but it is more common among people who are 40 or older.
What Is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar is higher than normal, but the person does not yet have diabetes. Pre-diabetes is also called impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and often shows no symptoms.
Studies have shown that most people with pre-diabetes develop diabetes within 10 years if no interventions are made.
How Can Drs. De Castro and Basit Help Me?
Science shows that Type 2 can be preventable and reversible with aggressive utilization of nutrition and lifestyle modifications.
In some cases, insulin therapy may be necessary to improve your symptoms. Insulin can be self-administered via injection and requires careful monitoring of your blood sugar levels. Insulin can also be delivered via an inhaler, pump, injection port, or high-pressure jet injector.
In other cases, bariatric surgery is a viable treatment option and can help you reach and maintain a healthy weight. This is not a good option for everyone, however, and comes with certain risks.