Anxiety And Depression Specialist

De Castro & Basit, MDs

Primary Care Practice & Aesthetics located in Hanford, CA

Anxiety and depression can take a serious toll on your quality of life. At De Castro & Basit, MDs, in Hanford, California, Dr. Jacqueline G. De Castro and Dr. Jasper F. Basit have extensive experience treating mood disorders and can help you find a path toward stability and improved mental health. Don’t let anxiety and depression shape your days and nights when there’s safe and effective treatment available. Schedule a visit today by calling the office or using the easy online scheduling tool.

Anxiety and Depression Q & A

What is anxiety?

Anxiety plays a central part of human life and is a necessary component of health. For example, when you experience a potentially dangerous or threatening scenario, your body responds by flooding your system with hormones and creating several physical reactions that prepare you for fight or flight.

Chronic anxiety, however, is a different matter. When your body continues to create an anxiety response without cause, numerous ill effects follow. There are many different psychiatric disorders that fall under the category of anxiety disorder, including:

  • Panic disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Separation anxiety
  • Selective mutism
  • Phobias
  • Social anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is the term used to describe persistent anxiety that doesn’t fall into one of these categories.

What is depression?

The term depression is often misused in our society, which leaves many confused about the difference between normal bouts of sadness and true depression. When a triggering event occurs, sadness is a normal response. Even intense sadness can be a normal experience, such as grief.

Depression differs in that it persists even after there is no clear cause. The symptoms of depression can vary and might include a combination of:

  • Fatigue
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of interest in sex
  • Reckless behavior
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Children can also suffer from depression and may act out at home or school, change their eating patterns, or experiment with drugs or alcohol.

How are anxiety and depression treated?

Medication can help control depression and anxiety. There are maintenance drugs to help prevent these conditions and acute medications designed to provide immediate relief.

Antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common recommendation for the prevention of anxiety and depression. This medication gives your brain better access to serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps maintain mood. Common SSRIs prescribed include:

  • Celexa
  • Prozac
  • Paxil
  • Zoloft

Benzodiazepines are used to treat acute anxiety and work by depressing the nervous system, resulting in a calming effect. Common medications that fall under this category include:

  • Xanax
  • Klonopin
  • Valium
  • Ativan

This class of drugs has drawbacks, however, including a heightened risk of drug dependence, so they are generally recommended for use on a short-term basis only.

There are several other medications to choose from, including beta-blockers and antihistamines, and each come with a distinct set of pros and cons. You might need to try several at varying doses before finding the option that works best for you.

If you’d like to learn more about treatment for anxiety and depression, schedule a consultation with De Castro & Basit, MDs, today. You can book an appointment online or by phone.